The Elan law was enacted to respond to the current challenges in terms of accommodation. One of its pillars, "meeting the needs of everyone and promoting social diversity", led to the introduction of the mobility lease.
What is the mobility lease?A classic furnished rental is concluded by a lease signed for a classic duration of 9 months (for a student) to 1 year. It is automatically renewed at its term if the tenant and the owner do not inform the other party of his intention to give notice.
In a mobility lease, the conditions are different. They allow access to a furnished rental for a period ranging from 1 month to 10 months maximum. The mobility lease system thus offers the possibility of greater flexibility in the rental real estate market.
Extensions are possible but never beyond the maximum limit.
To rent for a maximum additional period, the renewal is done by concluding a classic furnished rental lease. At the end of the date agreed on the initial mobility lease contract, the lease ends by itself without further procedures. The mobility lease is therefore a lease that an owner can conclude with a temporary tenant.
For what type of accommodation?The accommodation concerned by these leases must be furnished: the list of elements is provided by the legislator. The room must be equipped with a bed and bedding, as well as shutters or curtains on the windows. The kitchen of the furnished rental must allow the tenant to prepare basic meals and includes a stove, oven or microwave, a refrigerator for storing food and a freezer. Dishes must include the necessary utensils and cutlery for the Tenant. The furnished rental will also include a table and chairs, and shelves necessary for the storage of various items, light fixtures and household equipment.
For whom?The persons who can take advantage of this mobility rental provision are, by nature, those who wish to live temporarily in an area for reasons related to their temporary living environment. They may be students in vocational training, on an apprenticeship contract, or in higher education. Furnished rentals are also possible in the case of an internship. Furnished rentals are also valid in the context of working life, as long as the temporary nature is understood, for example in a professional transfer situation or temporary mission. A last case of furnished rentals in this context concerns potential tenants who voluntarily commit to civic service, a temporary period by definition.
What are the advantages of a mobility lease?The advantages of this type of furnished rental are numerous. For the owner, it is essentially to take advantage of a growing market and thus to rent his furnished accommodation more simply and flexibly. No need for the owner to give notice with restrictive conditions. He can get his accommodation back at the end of the lease, whether it is a 1-month or 10-month lease.
The tenant benefits from very flexible and above all predictable financial conditions. First of all, the owner cannot ask the tenant for a security deposit. A security deposit can be required, but it includes two advantageous provisions: solidarity between roommates is not possible; the tenant has the possibility to ask for a guarantee provided by Action Logement. Specific conditions are linked to it, such as rent control or cumulation with other impossible aids. Another advantage for the tenant is to benefit from a fixed rent whose amount can not be revised during the lease. The rental charges are requested as a lump sum in agreement with both parties at the time of signing. A request for regularization is not possible by the owner. This allows the tenant of the mobility lease to plan his expenses during this temporary period and the owner to save time by avoiding round trips with the tenant.
The notice or leave of the mobility lease is 1 month. The rent and charges are due by the tenant. They may not be payable by the owner when another tenant occupies the premises, if the owner agrees to it.
Co-location and subletting are allowed in the case of a mobility lease. For example, it is possible for a student to sublet his accommodation during school vacations.
In conclusion, the mobility lease responds to the new lifestyles and needs for flexibility of both tenants and owner-landlords for rentals of a few months.